The World's Dictators in 2009

Here is a comprehensive, up-to-date list of the world's dictators, with photos. We define a dictator as the ruler of a land rated "Not Free" by Freedom House in their annual survey of freedom.

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National Dictators


Abdelaziz Bouteflika
Algeria


Jose Eduardo dos Santos
Angola


Ilham Aliyev
Azerbaijan

Aleksandr Lukashenka
Belarus


Hassanal Bolkiah Mu’izzaddin
Waddaulah, Brunei


Than Shwe
Burma


Hun Sen
Cambodia


Paul Biya
Cameroon


Idriss Deby
Chad


Hu Jintao
China


Denis Sassou-Nguesso
Congo-Brazzaville


Joseph Kabila
Congo-Kinshasa


Laurent Gbagbo
Côte d'Ivoire


Raúl Castro
Cuba


Hosni Mubarak
Egypt


Teodoro Obiang Nguema
Mbasogo, Equatorial Guinea


Isaias Afwerki
Eritrea


Moussa Dadis Camara
Guinea


Ayatollah Ali Khamenei
Iran


Nursultan Nazarbayev
Kazakhstan


Choummaly Sayasone
Laos


Muammar al-Qaddafi
Libya


Mohamed Ould Abdel Aziz
Mauritania


Kim Jong Il
North Korea


Qabus bin Said al-Said
Oman


Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani
Qatar


Vladimir Putin
Russia


Paul Kagame
Rwanda


Abdullah ibn Abdul Aziz
Al Saud, Saudi Arabia


Omar Al-Bashir
Sudan


Mswati III
Swaziland


Bashar al-Assad
Syria


Imomali Rakhmon
Tajikistan


Zine al-Abidine Ben Ali
Tunisia


Gurbanguly Berdymukhammedov
Turkmenistan


Sultan Khalifa bin Zayed al Nehyan, United Arab Emirates


Islam Karimov
Uzbekistan


Nong Duc Manh
Vietnam


Robert Mugabe
Zimbabwe


Dictators of Provinces and Disputed Territories


Vladimir Putin of Russia
Rules Chechnya


Mohammed VI of Morocco
Rules Western Sahara


Hu Jintao
Rules Tibet


Igor Smirnov
Rules Transdniester in Moldova



Additional "Not Free" Lands (complex cases)

Afghanistan
Iraq
Kosovo
Somalia
The Palestinian Territories